What to do if pet is allergic?
Pet allergies are a relatively common problem, and we may observe it licking a certain area repeatedly, or suddenly swollen on the face, especially around the eyes. So why are they allergic? Let us explore it today.
① Mild allergies: swollen face, swollen eyes, swollen mouth, skin redness, itching, pimples. Pets will keep scratching or licking their bodies, sneezing, coughing, wheezing, snoring, and tearing.
②Severe allergies: Shortness of breath, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, coma, and other symptoms.
The main cause of allergies
There are two main reasons for pet allergies, one is a food allergy, such as pets eating eggs, mutton, dairy products, wheat, soybeans, etc.; the other is environmental allergies, such as pets inhaling pollen, dust, cigarettes, perfumes, chemical cleaners, drugs and so on.
Pets allergic to pollen are more prone to allergic reactions in spring; if pets are allergic to dust mites, the symptoms may be in winter; if pet allergies appear all year round, the allergens are likely to come from the pet's daily life, diet or living environment.
How to deal with pet allergies
We need to realize that allergy is an autoimmune response, a mechanism by which the body defends itself against aggression. Therefore, in principle, as long as external allergens exist, allergies cannot be completely cured.
Generally speaking, we can relieve symptoms by using some hormone drugs, but it cannot be cured fundamentally. For moderate-to-severe or long-term allergies, veterinarians typically use immunotherapy, which uses allergy shots to alter the cat's immune response to the allergen.
Daily care tips
Avoid exposure to allergens. A skin test (also called an allergy test) can be used to identify which substances your pet is allergic to. However, most pets with atopic reactions become allergic to more and more allergens over time, so avoiding allergies is impractical in the long run.
Also, keep an eye on your pet's rash status and any worsening of skin lesions. Secondary bacterial skin infections (pyoderma) due to allergies are common in pets with atopic dermatitis and may cause severe discomfort for them. Consult a veterinarian as soon as possible!